Want to resume tennis or to go back to horse? Know prepare you, with a bit of training. What to avoid strains or fractures.
Jogging, tennis, football: avoid a stretching or a claquageLe risk: contusion, elongation or strain when a muscle is pushed beyond its capabilities. Disadvantages amplified when you resume a sport
Prevention: leading causes of muscle pain for the athlete: the lack of training and the absence of heating. A heated muscle is up to 20% more flexible when it is cold
Another cause: dehydration. In a year of long duration, you can lose up to 2 litres of water and risking heat stroke! So should we think about drinking lots two hours before the effort, but also during and after. Attention also to use appropriate footwear
Symptoms: pain is the first symptom, followed by swelling or bruising. Paradoxically, a bruising under the skin, found to be spectacular, releases an effusion of blood and savings muscle. Conversely, swelling without bruising is a sign of an effusion of blood into the muscle, with a risk of property damage.
Treatment: when contracture, stretching or tearing, immediately stop all physical activity. Emergency treatment is based on what is called the Greek:.
ice (for 20 minutes); rest (two or three days); elevation and compression (with bandage). The clinical examination is completed by an ultrasound in motion that allows to track the State of the muscle. Analgesic and anti-inflammatory local mitigate the pain for contractures and strains
Horseback riding, roller, ski: attention to the risk chutesLe: mainly of fractures in a fall from his horse, bike, ski, or for combat sports, following a kick
Prevention: a solid frame to avoid accidents. From 50 years to a balance sheet in vitamin D or calcium with his general practitioner, to offset a possible deficiency, says Olivier Fichez, sport trauma specialist rheumatologist.
Postmenopausal women with a risk of fracture related to osteoporosis, may give impact sports (brisk walking, running) which strengthen bone formation, rather than the sports of weightlessness (cycling, swimming). The regular practice of the thai-chi would also offer an increase in significant bone mass within a year. ».
Symptoms: pain requires a fixed asset, with x-ray, CT or MRI depending on the extent of the injury.
Treatment: simple bone fractures are treated by orthopedic contention, the traditional plaster. Complex articular fractures (bone and cartilage alteration) give rise to a surgical intervention with immobilization of the joint for two to three months
Whatever the age, the home of fracture releases the same chemicals that stimulate the repair. Subject to a balanced diet, a senior will consolidate a fracture within the same timeframe as a young adult